Wow! This blog has gathered some attention over time which I didn’t notice, so thank you for that. Been very busy lately but i’ll start uploading some A level work on Memory soon.
Aim: How long STM lasts with rehearsal prevented.
Procedure: Briefly shown a consonant trigram, asked to count backwards in threes from a specific number. After intervals of 3/6/9/12 seconds, participants were asked to recall the original trigram.
Findings: 80% of trigrams were correct after a 3 seconds interval. As time increased, the fewer were recalled correctly. 18 seconds: 10% > of trigrams were recalled correctly.
Conclusion: STM is at it’s peak of recall the shorter the time period from being shown (the trigram), and information gets lost as duration increases.
Aim: Establish the existence of VLTM and to see whether there was a difference between recognition and recall.
Procedure: 400 US high school participants split into two groups to identify those in their yearbook.
Recognition - used a group of names, and matched them to the photos.
Recall - simply asked to recall the names of the people in the photos.
Findings: Recognition found those who had left in the last 7 years could remember 60% correctly, and recall found those who had left in the last 14 years could remember 90% correctly.
Conclusion: LTM is long-lasting and is better measured by recognition than recall.
Internal Validity - Whether the study has tested what it set out to test. If the observed effect was due to experimental manipulation rather than other factors. Controlling extraneous variables and ensuring that you are testing what you intended to.
External Validity - Research findings can be generalised by other settings, other groups of people, or over a period of time.
Mundane Realism - How the study mirrors the real world. The task environment is realistic to experiences that would occur in the real world.
Generalisability - Point of realism where psychological research can be used to understand behaviour in real life.
Extraneous Variables - If they are not controlled then results from a study are meaningless. The independent variable didn’t cause a change in the dependent variable, but changes in the dependent variable were caused by something else.
Music fulfils three psychological functions:
- Improve reports on certain tasks (also decreasing boredom and making us focus more).
- Stimulate intellectual curiosity (analysing what we are hearing).
- Having the power to manipulate our desired mood (listening to something to put you in a certain state/emotion).
We often associate our personality based on what we listen to, and seem to judge others by their taste (assuming a person is clever as they are listening to classical, or aggressive for rock music). Music is now less closely related to our personality or mood, as it is too hard to categorise genres with moods at said time. This is because:
- People listen to wider genres of music more than ever, as music has become more accessible (youtube, spotify, soundcloud).
- Our music choices are more connected to our social identities - if you think as yourself as intellectual you will like classical music.
- The main function of music is for emotional purposes, and we are yet to understand the connection within associating certain songs with certain emotions.
Notes from the Inside with James Rhodes - 4oD
Another TV show, this one is very powerful, and James Rhodes is very talented. A few of the pieces are featured on his soundcloud - an insanely cool dude (he has a freakin’ Rachmaninov tattoo c’mon).
James Rhodes is passionate about taking his music out of the confines of the concert hall and into places it rarely reaches.
Convinced that music can change lives for the better, classical pianist James takes a Steinway grand piano inside one of Britain’s largest psychiatric hospitals.
In 2006, James himself was sectioned, and this film follows him as he returns to a psychiatric unit for the first time.
With exclusive and unprecedented access, James meets four patients, each with their own tale to tell, and shares his own life story.
At the heart of this inspirational, moving and sometimes funny film, James performs individual pieces specially chosen for patients Jason, Kelly, Krissy and Nicky; pieces he hopes will resonate with them.
And although this film is primarily about performing to those least likely to experience classical piano, it’s also about James making good with his own life.
"Don't call me crazy" - BBC Three
The McGuinness Unit in Manchester is one of the largest teenage mental health inpatient units in the country – and a place of last resort for many adolescents with eating disorders or psychosis, who self-harm or are suicidal.
This has just been aired on BBC Three, currently 2/3 episodes shown. It’s a documentary of mental illness focused on teenagers and hopefully can wake up the general public to reconsider the stigma attached to this particular topic and age group.
It is sad to watch, and a lot of trigger warnings (so do mind yourselves) but the staff there are so supportive and in a way, gives you hope for everyone.
It’s insightful and somewhat interesting, check it out. Let’s see if this brings out more awareness.
- Police officer
- Clergy person
- Civil servant
"Most of the roles do offer power and many require an ability to make objective, clinical decisions divorced from feelings. Psychopaths would be drawn to these roles and thrive there.”